Letters and diaries of Confederate troops and South Texas civilians show they were weary of the Civil War and feared the terrorism the Union aggressors could bring, Townsend said. Union navy ships along the Gulf Coast, for example, frequently bombarded Confederate positions. The civilian population was unsure where Union cavalry might appear or what consequences civilians might suffer during wartime.
BY DAVE RALPH
"If they (Yankee commanders) had gotten the orders, it's very likely they would have taken Texas," he said. Those orders from the Union chain of command never came, however.
Civil War invasion to seize Omega Seamaster 300 Professional Brownsville recounted
"The Tejanos clearly showed their courage" during the Rio Grande Expedition and other military engagements throughout the Civil War, he said.
Foreign nations paid the CSA for cotton produced in the southern states that could leave Matamoros and the CSA converted the revenue into war materials. Union President Abraham Lincoln wanted to strangle cotton trade to hasten an end to the Civil War after key Union victories in 1863, Townsend added.
Here's one example: Among the Hispanics Omega Speedmaster Spectre
Confederate Col. John S. Ford, commander of the 2nd Texas Cavalry, led an expedition he titled "the Calvary of the West" to recapture Brownsville, but manpower was low for the Confederacy in Texas due to the widespread conflict; thus, it took Ford and his troops months to make progress, Townsend said. The Confederate force also faced the challenges of a severe drought and cold weather. By April 1864, the Calvary of the West arrived at Fort Ringgold in present day Rio Grande City to organize its final push toward Brownsville. Confederate troops led by Ford and Refugio Benavides skirmished with Union cavalry at Las Rusias near the Rio Grande, west of Brownsville, on June 25, 1864, before the Union troops withdrew from Brownsville to Brazos Island by July 28, 1864, Townsend said.
But Confederate troops eventually pressured the Union invaders to withdraw from Fort Brown and the Union outpost at Brazos Santiago along the Gulf Coast east of Brownsville.
including the occupation of Texas land and disruption of the Confederacy's economic and business system roughly from Corpus Christi to Laredo, he told an audience of about 100 people at the Dancy Building at 12th and Madison streets.
The Rio Grande Expedition with troops aboard 20 to 25 ships left New Orleans on Oct. 26, 1863, the professor explained, and came ashore at the mouth of the Rio Grande on Nov. 2 with the intentions to occupy Brownsville. To thwart the invaders, a small Confederate garrison at Fort Brown destroyed military supplies and tons of cotton.
Wilson P. Bourgeois, co chairman of the Civil War Sesquicentennial Committee in Cameron County, announced that a cleanup day will be scheduled in April for the Palmito Ranch Battlefield site and the committee is working on organizing a reenactment of the clash between Confederate and Union troops at Las Rusias in 2014. Department of the Interior, published a booklet "Hispanics and the Civil War: From Battlefield to Homefront." According to the booklet, more than 20,000 Hispanics men and women fought in the Civil War: some for the Confederate States of America and some for the United States of America. Their roles were not limited to South Texas as they became involved in major battles and attained various military ranks.
Here's one example: Among the Hispanics to serve with valor was Lt. Joseph De Castro, flag bearer of the 19th Massachusetts Infantry who fought at Gettysburg. On July 3, 1863, he and his regiment faced "Pickett's Charge," the Confederate assault against Union troops at Cemetery Ridge. De Castro charged forward, captured the enemy flag and returned it to the Union line before returning to combat. On Dec. 1, 1864, he became the first Hispanic to be awarded the Medal of Honor.
There also was panic among some southerners in Texas, including Anglos and Tejanos in Browns ville, who had signed loyalty pledges with the Union. Many of the Union sympathizers later fled to Union lines along the Gulf Coast or crossed into Matamoros as Confederate troops approached to regain control of Fort Brown, he said.
Department of the Interior, published a booklet "Hispanics and the Civil War: From Battlefield to Homefront." According to the booklet, more than 20,000 Hispanics men and women fought in the Civil War: some for the Confederate States of America and some for the United States of America. Their roles were not limited to South Texas as they became involved in major battles and attained various military ranks.
Civil War historian Stephen A Townsend described the third Union invasion of Texas a campaign aimed at seizing Brownsville from Confederate soldiers at the Third Annual Civil War Fall Symposium held Saturday in Brownsville.
THE BROWNSVILLE HERALD Posted 10 months ago
The outnumbered Confederates withdrew from Fort Brown and the Union forces moved north including a raid on the King Ranch along the Gulf Coast, he said. The Union did not halt the cotton trade because the CSA shifted its southern cotton route west to Laredo to go around Union patrols.
Several minor clashes between Confederate and Union forces occurred in Texas during the closing months of the Civil War, but southern resistance was so strong that Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant speculated that he might eventually be required to challenge remnants of the CSA army on Mexican soil, Townsend said. There is speculation about the reasons behind why the Battle of Palmito Ranch occurred weeks after Grant and CSA Gen. Robert E. Lee agreed to a truce, he said, but the final military action associated with the Civil War cemented Brownsville's lasting legacy in the conflict.
to serve with valor was Lt. Joseph De Castro, flag bearer of the 19th Massachusetts Infantry who fought at Gettysburg. On July 3, 1863, he and his regiment faced "Pickett's Charge," the Confederate assault against Union troops at Cemetery Ridge. De Castro charged forward, captured the enemy flag and returned it to the Union line before returning to combat. On Dec. 1, 1864, he became the first Hispanic to be awarded the Medal of Honor.
The Rio Grande Valley became a priority for Union strategists in 1863 in an attempt to sever the cotton trade between the Confederacy and foreign nations that flowed through Texas to Matamoros, Townsend said. The Union navy had placed a blockade on the CSA along the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean, but Confederate goods could access foreign ports through Matamoros because Mexico maintained its neutrality. Omega Watch Automatic
The Union action temporarily achieved its goal, Omega Seamaster Planet Ocean Review
"It was just absolute chaos because the enemy was coming," Townsend said.
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